In Carbon Action, scientists, farmers and companies work together to enhance climate-smart, regenerative and productive agriculture. Selected one hundred Carbon Action farmers are exploring ways of increasing the soil health and carbon storage of their fields. Collaboration between farmers and scientists ensures that the research results are practicable and knowledge is exchanged between real farms and science.

Field Observatory makes this research and the development process visible, in real time. The research work includes co-design with farmers to develop regenerative agricultural practices that improve soil health and carbon sequestration. Field Observatory also provides the Carbon Action farmers with information about their fields.

An important objective of Carbon Action research is to develop a reliable and practical quantification and verification system of carbon sequestration and climate impacts. This system combines various measurements and modeling. Verification of soil carbon sequestration and the climate impacts is necessary for any widespread deployment of the practices.

Among other methods, soil and microbial analyses, plant diversity measurements, atmospheric measurements and modeling are used to study and understand fluxes and sequestration of carbon at the study sites. Nutrient retention and links to biodiversity are also studied. Economical and policy analyses are carried in Carbon Action out to develop feasible, effective and practical solutions of carbon farming.


Carbon Action aims at improved yield, biodiversity and resilience, climate change mitigation and reduction of nutrients to water bodies such as the Baltic Sea.


  • Soil and plant processes: How to support carbon sequestration and the formation of longlived carbon forms?
  • Farming practices: How to improve farming practices that enhance soil carbon sequestration, soil health and productivity, biodiversity, nutrient retention, and nutritional quality of agricultural products?
  • Verification: How to quantify and verify the carbon sequestration and other climate impacts?
  • Economics and steering: How to promote science-based practical solutions of climate-smart agriculture with the means of economics and policies?

Find out more on the Carbon Action site